Fossilization forest - Municipality of Tichero
The fossilization forest of Tichero - Fylakto and the wider area occurred due to the ideal fossilization conditions and are directly related to the volcanic activity in the area 25.000.000 years ago.
The volcanic activity created warm solutions rich in silica dioxide that penetrated and imbued the volcanic sedimentary rocks. Molecule to molecule, the organic vegetable matter of the tree trunks trapped in the rocks was replaced by minerals resulting in fossilization.
In the case of this forest the fossilization is perfect. The external morphological features of the tree trunks are intact, e.g. the growth rings, the barks as well as the internal structure of the wood according to the micro technology used to determine the species of the fossilized tree.
The excavations carried out by the University of Athens and Paleontologist professor Evangelos Velitselos are work in progress. The museum that is under way in the Eco-tourist centre in Tichero will host all of the findings and will serve as a centre for fossil research and restoration.