The dramatic scenery of Samothrace
A granite mass covers the remotest island of the Aegean, with mountainous soil and verdant mountains. On a clear day you can see the peak of Trojan Idi from the island’s highest peak, Feggari (1649 meters).
The island is immersed in dense vegetation. The trees that dominate are olive, oak, chestnut, maple, cedar and plane trees. Samothrace is probably the only island in Greece with so many plane trees. On the wildly verdant north side you can find rare trees not just in Greece, but in the whole of the Mediterranean such as taxus baccata (a medium-sized tree similar to oak), which the locals call ‘cross wood’, a rare variety of juniper shrub and celtis australis. The flora picture is completed with perennial plane trees, wild olive trees, lentisks, wild pear and maple trees.
On the south side you can find lush olive groves and a small plain of farming land.
The shrubs that cover the island include lentisks, pistacia terebinthus, arbutus, wild roses, myrtle, wild arbor and heather. The riparian forests consist of plane trees (platanus orientalis) while oleanders, ferns, wickers and mint grow. On the way from the village Alonia to the village Lakoma you come across rare cactus breeds.
Water & Springs
The untamed wilderness of ragged mountains and dense forestation is interrupted by numerous lakes, lagoons and breath-taking waterfalls that cascade into naturally occurring small ‘swimming pools’ with crystal-clear water. Samothrace is also famous for the warm, sulphurous sources which have been used for medicinal purposes since the Byzantine times. Every summer the village of Therma (short for ‘thermal baths’) is crowded with people using the hydrotherapy facilities provided by the municipality of Samothrace.